This explains more than the previous WSJ article, and allows a bit more wriggle room for “western-style” parenting. However, it does seem clear (to me and to psychologists) that coddling your children, or at the very least, overindulging them risks poorer performance. Inculcating self-discipline should rank higher up on many parent’s radars and they shouldn’t back away from the sterner measures that are required in order to do so.
Firmer parenting won’t fix the education system in the US, but it would be a much better start than we have now. Parents who loudly complain that their kid’s schools are terrible might want to consider putting in some work themselves rather than endlessly complaining. You’re empowered as well; you can teach your kids.
It could be that I was homeschooled, but I know that if more parents got involved in the education of their children, even if it’s just insisting that work gets done in front of them, that kids would learn more and respect school more.